The following stats say that:
However, both technologies are in top positions regarding the best programming languages for web app development.
Usage of Both Languages in Website Development
What is Java?
Java is a programming language that is object-oriented, network-centric, and multi-platform compatible. It is used as a computing platform and was developed by Sun Microsystems in 1995. Its ability to run on a virtual machine (a Java virtual machine) makes it platform-independent.
Some of the well-known companies which use Java include:
95% of businesses use it as their primary programming language. Furthermore, the Java language is central to the Android operating system, which runs most smartphones.
Advantages of Java
It is important to know why we should use Java. Let's look at some of Java's advantages:
The Java programming language includes all of the features of object-oriented programming, such as encapsulation, abstraction, inheritance, etc. These OOP concepts provide several benefits to the Java programming language, such as data redundancy prevention, improved security, simplified problem-solving, etc.
Java allows multiple threads to run concurrently within the same process. It is best suited for applications that want to run multiple tasks simultaneously.
- Platform-Independent and Portable
This is the most important benefit of Java programming. Java works on any platform, machine, or operating system. Java code can run on any platform with the installed Java Virtual Machine (JVM). This enables Java to create cross-platform applications that run on multiple platforms or applications.
- Secure and Reliable
Java's security manager limits access to system resources based on an application's permissions. This is how Java protects against malicious code from external systems.
Disadvantages of Java
Java's performance is slow due to additional compilation and interpretation tasks. Java consumes much memory, puts a heavy load on the CPU, and slows the language's performance and efficiency.
Backup is a significant drawback of Java programming. Java can collect and store data but needs a strong facility to back up the data.
- Memory management
The garbage collector automatically collects unused and unnecessary items. It increases the processor's workload and time to complete a task.
Components of Java:
- It has a simple syntax and is easy to learn.
- Platform Independent
- Java is Object-Oriented and follows OOP concepts like inheritance, abstraction, polymorphism, and encapsulation.
- Design Neutral
- Conveyed as projects can be intended to run on PC organizations.
Salary: According to Salary.com, a Java developer can earn between $111,153 and $83,432, depending on skills, experience, and education.
- Core technology of the web
- Easy to learn
An event refers to an action or occurrence in a system. For example, a user clicks on a button, and the system tells the user to respond to the button click event. In this case, clicking a button is an event that requires a subsequent action.
- Cross-platform compatibility
Face recognition is a simple process where you require any gadget that supports digital photographic technology. It sets up your image and the necessary data to create and record the facial pattern of the person to be identified.
- Front-end security
- Single point of failure.
- Case Sensitive Format
- Customer Edge Technology
- Approval of User's Input
- Statements Looping
- Else and IF Statement to perform consistent articulation
- Interpreter centered
- Object-centered Script Language
- Light Weight and Delicate
- Capacity to Perform In-build Function
- Handling Events
Object-oriented programming (OOP): Both languages require the developer to write code describing objects and their relationships. By extension, both languages support techniques like encapsulation, polymorphism, and inheritance.
|Java is an Object-Oriented language developed by James Gosling from Sun Microsystems
|Data types in Java need to be declared.
|It has a file extension “.Java”.
|It has file extension “.js”
|Object-oriented. Applets consist of object classes with inheritance.
|It is object-based. Code uses built-in, extensible objects but not uses any classes or inheritance.
|Java is a class-based object oriented programming language.
|Netflix, Airbnb, Google, etc.
|Paypal, Microsoft, Uber, etc.
|Compiled on the server before execution on the client.
|Interpreted (not compiled) by the client.
|Type of language
|To develop and run a Java Program, you need the entire Java Development Kit (JDK).
Now that we've covered the basics of both languages, including their differences, benefits, drawbacks, salaries, and use cases, the question that might be on your mind is which of these I should study first as a newbie programmer. The answer would be, "It depends.
If you are a beginner, you can start your career in this field by attending an online web development course with a certificate and placement.
On the other hand, Java is a statically typed, general-purpose programming language widely used in large-scale, enterprise-level applications such as enterprise, mobile apps, and desktops. Java strongly emphasizes security and stability, and many major corporations use it for their back-end systems.
However, if you're interested in mobile app development, smart devices, the connected future, and the Internet of Things, Java would be your language.
You should consider Java if your project involves…
- Android Apps
- Scientific Computing
- Enterprise Software
- Big Data Analytics
- Server-side technologies like JBoss, GlassFish, Geronimo, Apache, etc.
- General Purpose Programming of Hardware
- Dynamic single-page applications (SPAs).
- Mobile App Development through React Native, Phone Gap, etc.
- Front-end technologies like AngularJS, ReactJS, Backbone.js, Ember.js, jQuery, etc.
- Server-side technologies like Express.js, MongoDB, Node.js, etc.